NRMs have arisen to address specific needs that many people cannot satisfy through more traditional religious organizations or through modern secularism. With respect to the latter issue, Davidman suggests that conversion motives of newly Orthodox Jewish women may be distinctive, and Jacobs finds gender-specific reasons for NRM disaffiliation.
From the 19th century onward the newly industrialized and expansionist West advanced into Asia for God, glory, and gold. Most contributors to the field have been historians of religions and sociologists.
The source of the authority is unseen, so people either believe or reject the claim. Blending Confucianism, animismand indigenous Vietnamese religious practices, the movement became a political and military presence that, like Cao Dai, was involved in the violent political universe of Vietnam in the years following World War II.
Gordon Melton argued that "new religious movements" should be defined by the manner in which they are treated by dominant religious and secular forces within a given society.
Second, even among the more extensively studied groups, research usually has consisted of single-occasion studies that have not been followed up. The word conveyed a stereotype that prevented objective research into these religions; moreover, NRMs were so different from one another that it was impossible to generalize about them.
Rodney Stark and William Bainbridge, in discussing the process by which individuals join new religious groups, have even questioned the utility of the concept of conversion, suggesting that affiliation is a more useful concept.
NRMs provide arenas for theological and social experimentation. Reportedly, hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners died in custody.
Close scholarly examinations of children in NRMs will likely reveal complex situations possessing both positive and negative features.
The government of Taiwan also supported mainstream traditions such as Buddhism and Daoism and did little, if anything, to stifle the development of the major popular cults many from Fujian province that had evolved on the island after It seems clear that a number of NRMs appear to have functioned not only as ways out of conventional society but also as ways back in as they essentially become halfway houses between countercultural and conventional lifestyles.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. Charismatic Laders and the Brainwashing Debate Members of the general public, attempting to explain why people join strange religious groups with unusual beliefs and behaviors, have often resorted to what James T.
A darker side of apocalyptic expectations has resulted in mass suicides and tragic conflict with governmental agencies. A strong case has been made that supply-related rather than demand-related factors are central to explaining religious change Finke and Iannaccone The leader may go to great lengths to continue to win the faith of followers.
Academic study of new religious movements "Three basic questions have been paramount in orienting theory and research on NRMs:" Saliba, Understanding New Religious Movements, ch.
1 " Dawson, Cults and New Religious Movements, chs. 4 Sep 24 History of NRMs in the West " Saliba, ch. 2.
Encyclopedia of Religion and Society Contributors | Introduction | Web Version: NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS: The term new religious movements (NRMs, sometimes referred to as alternative religious movements, marginal religious movements, or cults) identifies an important but difficult-to-demarcate set of religious entities.
Although. A new religious movement (NRM) is a faith-based community, or ethical, spiritual, or philosophical group of recent origin.
NRMs may be novel in origin or they may be part of a wider religion, such as Christianity, in which case they will be distinct from pre-existing denominations. Scholars. NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS: AN OVERVIEW Scholars adopted the term new religious movements (NRMs) in order to avoid the pejorative connotations of the popularly used term cult.
Source for information on New Religious Movements: An Overview: Encyclopedia of Religion dictionary. 9 Bird, F. and W.
() "Participation Rates in New Religious Movements and Parareligious Movements." Pp. in Of Gods and Men: New Religious Movements in the West, edited by E. Barker. New religious movement: New religious movement (NRM), the generally accepted term for what is sometimes called, often with pejorative connotations, a “cult.” The term new religious movement has been applied to all new faiths that have arisen worldwide over the past several centuries.
NRMs are characterized by a number of.Download